Brian Muhs

Associate Professor of Egyptology

Ph.D. in Egyptology, 1996, University of Pennsylvania.

Special Interests

The history of Ancient Egyptian social, economic, and legal institutions, particularly during the transition from Pharaonic to Ptolemaic and Roman rule; language contact and interaction, particularly Demotic and Greek; and the dispersion and reconstruction of Ancient Egyptian archives.

Positions:

  • University Lecturer, Greek Papyrology, Spring 2009 – Spring 2011; University Lecturer, Demotic Papyrology, Fall 1997 – Spring 2011, Papyrological Institute, Leiden University.
  • Lecturer, Fall 1996, Dept. of Near Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley.
  • Teaching Assistant, Fall 1989 – Spring 1990, Dept. of Oriental Studies, University of Pennsylvania.

Education:

  • Ph.D. in Egyptology, May 1996, Dept. of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies (Oriental Studies), University of Pennsylvania.
  • B.A. in Egyptian Archaeology, June 1985, Dept. of Near Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley.

Fellowships and Grants:

  • Gratema Stichting Grant, 2005-2008, Leiden University.
  • School of Arts and Sciences Dissertation Fellowship, 1992-1993, University of Pennsylvania.
  • Dept. of Oriental Studies Departmental Scholarships, 1990-1992, University of Pennsylvania.
  • William Penn Fellowship, 1986-1990, University of Pennsylvania.

Field Experience:

  • El Hibeh, Egypt: University of California, Berkeley Project, Field Supervisor, June-July 2003.
  • Tell el-Muqdam, Egypt: University of California, Berkeley Project, Square Supervisor and Epigrapher, June-July 1993, May-July 1995 and June-July 1996.
  • South Abydos, Egypt: University of Pennsylvania-Yale University Project, Square Supervisor, March-May 1994.
  • Bersheh, Egypt: Boston Museum of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania Museum and Leiden University Expedition, Epigrapher, February-March 1990.

 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

Books:

  • Receipts, Scribes and Collectors in Early Ptolemaic Thebes (O. Taxes 2) (Studia Demotica 8. Leuven: Peeters, 2011). ISBN 978-90-429-2431-4. xx + 329 p. + 56 pl.
  • Tax Receipts, Taxpayers and Taxes in Early Ptolemaic Thebes (Oriental Institute Publications 126, Chicago: Oriental Institute Press, 2005). ISBN 1-885923-30-9. xxvi + 262 p. + 32 pls. Reviews: S.P. Vleeming, BiOr 64 (2007), p. 154-156; K. Vandorpe, CdÉ 83 (2008), p. 149-151; W. Clarysse, BASP 46 (2009), p. 209-211; M. Schentuleit, JEA 95 (2009), p. 21-25.
  • The Administration of Egyptian Thebes in the Early Ptolemaic Period, (Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Dissertation Services, 1996). xviii + 423 p.
  • with F.A.J. Hoogendijk (eds.), Sixty-Five Papyrological Texts, Presented to Klaas A. Worp on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday (Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 33. Leiden: Brill, 2008). ISBN 978-90-04-16688-2. xl + 416 p.
  • with A. den Brinker – S. Vleeming (eds.), A Berichtigungsliste of Demotic Documents. 2 vols. A. Papyrus Editions, B. Ostrakon Editions and Various Publications (Studia Demotica 7 A-B, Leuven: Peeters, 2005). Vol. A. ISBN 90-429-1603-6. lii + 410 p. Vol. B. ISBN 90-429-1604-4. viii + 450 p.
  • with F.A.J. Hoogendijk, Handschrift op papyrus (Kleine publicaties van de Leidse Universiteitbibliotheek 65, Leiden, 2005). 72 p.
  • with A. Egberts – J. van der Vliet (eds.), Perspectives on Panopolis, an Egyptian Town from Alexander the Great to the Arab Conquest, Acts of an International Symposium held in Leiden on 16, 17 and 18 December 1998 (Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 31, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2002). ISBN 90-04-11753-9. xix + 273 p. + 9 pls.

Articles:

  • “Two ‘Orders for Burial’ from the Valley of the Kings,” Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 45 (2009), p. 393-395.
  • “A Late Ptolemaic Grapheion Archive in Berkeley,” p. 581-588 in T. Gagos (ed.), Proceedings of the 25th International Congress of Papyrology, Ann Arbor, July 29 – August 4, 2007 (American Studies in Papyrology, Special Edition. Ann Arbor: Scholarly Publishing Office, The University of Michigan Library, 2010). ISBN 978-1-60785-205-6.
  • “A Demotic Donation Contract from Early Ptolemaic Thebes (P. Louvre N. 3263),” p. 439-455 in Z. Hawass – J. Houser Wegner (eds.), Millions of Jubilees: Studies in Honor of David P. Silverman (Supplément aux Annales du service des antiquités de l’Égypte, Cahier No. 39. Cairo: Conseil suprême des antiquités de l’Égypte, 2010). ISBN 978–977–704–084–6.
  • “Two Demotic Letters from the Archive of Herianoupis, from the Curzon Collection now in the British Museum,” p. 397-404 in H. Knuf – C. Leitz – D. Von Recklinghausen (eds.), Honi soit qui mal y pense. Studien zum pharaonischen, griechisch-römischen und spätantiken Ägypten zu Ehren von Heinz-Josef Thissen (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 194. Leuven: Peeters, 2010). ISBN 978-90-429-2323-2.
  • “Language Contact and Personal Names in Early Ptolemaic Egypt,” p. 187-197 (Chapter 11), in T.V Evans - D.D. Obbink (eds.), The Language of the Papyri (Oxford: University Press, 2010). ISBN 978-0-19-923708-1.
  • “The Berkeley Tebtunis Grapheion Archive,” p. 243-251 in G. Widmer – D. Devauchelle (eds.), Actes du IXe Congrès International des Études Démotiques, Paris, 31 août – 3 septembre 2005 (Bibliothèque d’étude 147. Cairo: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 2009). ISBN 978-2724704983.
  • “Oracular Property Decrees, in their Historical and Chronological Context,” p. 265-275 in G.P.F. Broekman – R.J. Demaree – O.E. Kaper (eds.), The Libyan Period in Egypt: Historical and Cultural Studies into the 21st - 24th Dynasties: Proceedings of a Conference at Leiden University, 25-27 October 2007 (Egyptologische Uitgaven 23. Leiden – Leuven: NINO – Peeters, 2009). ISBN 978-90-6258-223-5 (NINO); 978-90-429-2238-9 (Peeters).
  • with T. Vorderstrasse, “Collecting Egyptian Antiquities in the Year 1838: Reverend William Hodge Mill and Robert Curzon, Baron Zouche,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 94 (2008), p. 223-245.
  • “Archival Archaeology of Early Ptolemaic Theban Papyri and Ostraca,” p. 33-47 in A. Delattre – P. Heilporn (eds.), «Et maintenant ce ne sont plus que des villages...» Thèbes et sa région aux époques hellénistique, romaine et byzantine. Actes du colloque tenu Ġ Bruxelles, les 2-3 décembre 2005 (Papyrologica Bruxellensia 34, Bruxelles: Association Égyptologique Reine Élisabeth, 2008). ISBN 978-2-9600834-0-8.
  • “Grain Accounts from Gebelein in Nijmegen,” p. 65-75 in F.A.J. Hoogendijk – B.P. Muhs (eds.) Sixty-Five Papyrological Texts, Presented to Klaas A. Worp on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday (Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 33. Leiden: Brill, 2008). ISBN 978-90-04-16688-2.
  • “Fractions of Houses in Ptolemaic Hawara,” p. 187-197 in S. Lippert – M. Schentuleit (eds.), Graeco-Roman Fayum - Texts and Archaeology, Proceedings of the Third International Fayum Symposium, Freudenstadt, May 29 – June 1 2007 (Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz, 2008). ISBN 978-3-447-05782-0.
  • “Linguistic Hellenization in Early Ptolemaic Thebes,” p. 793-806 in J. Frösén – T. Purola – E. Salmenkivi (eds.), Proceedings of the 24th International Congress of Papyrology, Helsinki, 1st-7th of August 2004, Volume 2 (Commentationes Humanarum Litterarum 122:2. Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 2007). ISBN 978-951-653-345-5.
  • with K.A. Worp, “Yet More Duplicate Mummy Labels,” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigrafik 162 (2007), p. 213-214.
  • “Demotic Ostraca in Amsterdam,” Enchoria 30 (2006/2007), p. 53-70 and pls. 29-32.
  • “Demotic and Aramaic Ostraca from Early Ptolemaic Edfu, not Thebes,” Enchoria 30 (2006/2007), p. 147-150.
  • with J. van der Vliet – K.A. Worp, “Ostraca and Mummy Labels in Los Angeles,” Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 43 (2006), p. 9-58.
  • with J. Dieleman, “A Bilingual Account from Late Ptolemaic Tebtunis (P. Leiden RMO inv. no. F 1974/7.52),” Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 133 (2006), p. 56-65 and pls. 15-18.
  • “The Girls Next Door. Marriage Patterns among the Mortuary Priests in Early Ptolemaic Thebes,” Journal of Juristic Papyrology 35 (2005), p. 169-194.
  • “The Grapheion and the Disappearance of Demotic Contracts in Early Roman Tebtynis and Soknopaiou Nesos,” p. 93-104 in S. Lippert – M. Schentuleit (eds.), Tebtynis und Soknopaiou Nesos – Leben im römerzeitlichen Fajum. Akten des Internationalen Symposions vom 11. bis 13. Dezember 2003 in Sommerhausen bei Würzburg (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2005). ISBN 3-447-05141-8.
  • “Nachtrag zu ‘The Papyri of Phanesis son of Nechthuris, Oil-Merchant of Tebtunis, and the Ptolemaic Cloth Monopoly,’ Enchoria 28 (2002/2003),” Enchoria 29 (2004/2005), p. 53-54 and pls. 3-5.
  • “The Date of P. Brux. dem. 4 and its ‘New’ Eponymous Priestess,” Chronique d’Égypte 79, fasc. 157-158 (2004), p. 53-58.
  • with N. Kruit – K.A. Worp, “A Bilingual Sale of a House and Loan of Money from Soknopaiou Nesos (P. Boswinkel 1),” p. 339-368 in F. Hoffmann – H.-J. Thissen (eds.), Res severa verum gaudium, Festschrift für Karl-Theodor Zauzich zum 65. Geburtstag am 8. Juni 2004 (Studia Demotica 6, Leuven: Peeters, 2004). ISBN 90-429-1476-9.
  • with A. Grünewald – G. van den Berg, “The Papyri of Phanesis son of Nechthuris, Oil-Merchant of Tebtunis, and the Ptolemaic Cloth Monopoly,” Enchoria, Zeitschrift für Demotistik und Koptologie 28 (2002 / 2003), p. 62-81.
  • “Demotic Ostraca from Ptolemaic Edfu and the Ptolemaic Tax System,” p. 75-105 in K. Vandorpe – W. Clarysse (eds.), Edfu, an Egyptian provincial capital in the Ptolemaic period, Brussels, 3 September 2001 (Brussels: Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van Belgie voor Wetenschappen en Kunsten, 2003).
  • “Clear Title, Public Protests and P. Brux Dem. 4,” p. 259-272 in K. Ryholt (ed.), Acts of the Seventh International Conference of Demotic Studies, Copenhagen, 23-27 August 1999 (Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications 27, Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2002). ISBN 87-7289-648-5.
  • “Membership in Private Associations in Ptolemaic Tebtunis,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 44, Part 1 (February 2001), p. 1-21.
  • “The Chronology of the Reign of Ptolemy II Reconsidered: The Evidence of the Nhb and Nht Tax Receipts,” p. 71-86 in A.M.F.W. Verhoogt – S.P. Vleeming (eds.), The Two Faces of Graeco-Roman Egypt: Greek and Demotic and Greek-Demotic Texts and Studies Presented to P.W. Pestman (Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 30, Leiden: E.J.Brill, 1998). ISBN 90-04-11226 X.
  • “Partisan Royal Epithets in the Late Third Intermediate Period and the Dynastic Affiliations of Pedubast I and Iuput II,” Brief Communication in The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 84 (1998), p. 220-223.
  • “Part of the Book of the Dead of Neferrenpet,” Entry 85A,B, p. 258-259; “Inscribed Mummy Bandages,” Entry 86A-C, p. 260-3; “Sarcophagus Lid of Pedibast,” Entry 90, p. 268-9; and “Funerary Stela of Diefankh,” Entry 98, p. 284-5 in D.P. Silverman (ed.), Searching for Ancient Egypt: Art, Architecture and Artifacts from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, (Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art, 1997). ISBN 0-8014-3482-3 (cloth), 1-931707-36-7 (paper).
  • “The Great Temenos of Naukratis,” Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 31 (1994), p. 97-111.
  • “Demotic and Greek Ostraca in the IIIrd Century B.C.,” Chapter 27, p. 249-251 in J.H. Johnson (ed.), Life in a Multi-Cultural Society: Egypt from Cambyses to Constantine and Beyond (Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 51, Chicago: Oriental Institute Press, 1992). ISBN 0-918986-84-2.
  • “Pages of a Psalter,” Entry 150, p. 237 in F.D. Friedman (ed.), Beyond the Pharaohs, Egypt and the Copts in the 2nd to 7th Centuries A.D. (Providence: Rhode Island School of Design, 1989). ISBN 0911517529.

Reviews:

  • J.D. Ray, Demotic Papyri and Ostraca from Qasr Ibrim (Texts from Excavations Memoir 13. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 2005). In Bibliotheca Orientalis 65 no. 1-2 (januari-april 2008), p. 93-95.
  • J.G. Manning, Land and Power in Ptolemaic Egypt. The Structure of Land Tenure (Cambridge, University Press, 2003). “Landbezit in Ptolemaeïsch Egypte,” in Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 118, nummer 2 (mei 2005), p. 282-284.
  • M. Depauw, The Archive of Teos and Thabis from Early Ptolemaic Thebes (Monographies Reine Élisabeth 8, Turnhout: Brepols, 2000). In Bibliotheca Orientalis 61, No. 3-4 (mei-augustus 2004), p. 289-292.
  • J. Kahl, Siut-Theben: Zur Wertschätzung von Traditionen im alten Ägypten (Leiden: Brill, 1999). In Journal of the American Oriental Society 121.4 (December 2001), p. 694-695.
  • S.P. Vleeming, Ostraka Varia, Tax Receipts and Legal Documents on Demotic, Greek, and Greek-Demotic Ostraka, chiefly of the Early Ptolemaic Period, from various collections (Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 26, Leiden: Brill, 1994). In Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 33 (1996), p. 177-185.

Web Publications:

Papers and Lectures:

  • “Egyptian and Greek Banking Traditions in Ptolemaic Egypt,” paper given at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the American Research Center in Egypt, Chicago, 1-3 April 2011.
  • “Robert Curzon, Baron Zouche: een Britse verzamelaar en zijn mummielabels,” lecture for the 42nd annual Papyrologendag, Papyrological Institute, Leiden, 8 January 2011.
  • “Demotic Orthography in B.H. Stricker’s Notebooks,” paper given at the symposium ‘Demotic as Demotic: Problems and Perspectives in the Study of the Demotic Script,’ Trier, 8 November 2010.
  • “Transaction Costs in Egypt in the 1st Millenium BCE,” paper given in the lecture series ’75 Jaar Leids Papyrologisch Instituut’, Leiden, 11 February 2010.
  • “’New’ Demotic Texts from Deir el-Bahri,” paper given at the symposium ‘75 Jaar Papyrologie in Leiden’, Leiden, 18 January 2010.
  • “Demotic Oracles and Ostraca from Ptolemaic Qasr Ibrim,” paper given at the symposium ‘Qasr Ibrim, Between Egypt and Africa’, Leiden, 11-12 December 2009.
  • “Textual problems in the Mesheikh Ostraca,” paper given at the 6th Demotic Summerschool, Heidelberg, 24-26 August 2009.
  • “Documents in the Nile,” paper given at the seminar ‘Transaction Costs in the Ancient World,’ in the series ‘Legal Documents in Ancient Societies,’ Center for Hellenic Studies of Harvard University, Washington DC, 27-28 July 2009.
  • “‘New’ Demotic Texts from Deir el-Bahri,” paper given at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Research Center in Egypt, Dallas, 24-26 April 2009.
  • “De Mesheikh ostraca en de Egyptische traditie van gireren onder de Ptolemaeën,” lecture for the 40th annual Papyrologendag, Papyrological Institute, Leiden, 10 January 2009.
  • “Temple Economy in the Nag’ el-Mesheikh Ostraca,” paper given at the 10th International Congress of Demotic Studies, Leuven, 26 - 30 August 2008.
  • “Oracular Property Decrees in their historical and chronological context,” paper given at the International Conference, 'The Libyan Period in Egypt: historical and chronological problems of the Third Intermediate Period,' Leiden University, 25-27 October 2007.
  • “A Late Ptolemaic Grapheion Archive in Berkeley,” paper given at the 25th International Congress of Papyrology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 29 July - 4 August 2007.
  • with Tasha Vorderstrasse, “Collecting Egyptian Antiquities in the Year 1838: Reverend William Hodge Mill and Robert Curzon, Baron Zouche,” paper given at the biennial conference of the Association for the Study of Travel in Egypt and the Near East, Southampton, 12-16 July 2007.
  • “Fractions of Houses in Fayum Texts and Archaeology,” paper given at the symposium ‘Graeco-Roman Fayum – Texts and Archaeology, ’ Freudenstadt, 29 May – 1 June 2007.
  • “Town, Temple and Palace in Late Pharaonic Egypt,” lecture for the study day on the city in the ancient Near East of the Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap ‘Ex Oriente Lux, ’ Bilthoven, 19 May 2007.
  • “Museum Archaeology and Demotic Ostraca,” paper given at the International Academic Ceremony to honour Prof. Dr. M.A. Nur el-Din, Cairo University-Alexandria University, 10-12 April 2007.
  • “Wisselwerking tussen recht en economie in derde eeuw v.Chr.?,” lecture for the 38th annual Papyrologendag, Papyrological Institute, Leiden, 13 January 2007.
  • “Law and Economy in Late Pharaonic and Early Ptolemaic Egypt,” lecture given at the Colloquium ‘Recent Egyptological Research,’ Leiden, 6 October 2006.
  • “Names and Language Change in Early Ptolemaic Egypt,” paper given at the Colloquium ‘Buried Linguistic Treasure: The Potential of Papyri and Related Sources for the Study of Greek and Latin,’ Christ Church, Oxford, 30 June – 2 July 2006.
  • “The Bancroft Library and the Tebtunis Papyri on the Shore of the Ocean of Stories,” lecture given at the Bancroft Centennial Symposium, Berkeley, 10-11 February 2006.
  • “What's in a name? De weergave van Egyptische name in het Grieks,” lecture for the 36th annual Papyrologendag, Papyrological Institute, Leiden, 14 January 2006.
  • “Archival Archaeology of Early Ptolemaic Theban Papyri and Ostraca,” paper given at the International Colloquium, «Et maintenant ce ne sont plus que des villages...» Thèbes et sa région aux époques hellénistique, romaine et byzantine, Bruxelles, 2-3 December 2005.
  • “Nieuwe wijn uit oude potscherven,” lecture for the Egyptological student society ‘Pleyte’ on 16 November 2005.
  • “The Berkeley Tebtunis Grapheion Archive,” paper given at the 9th International Congress of Demotic Studies, Paris, 31 August - 3 September 2005.
  • “The Girls next Door: Marriage Patterns among the Mortuary Priests in Early Ptolemaic Thebes,” paper given at the Colloquium ‘Alltag am Nil nach Papyri, Inschriften und Ostraka,’ Marburg, 2-3 October 2004.
  • “Linguistic Hellenization in Early Ptolemaic Thebes,” paper given at the 24th International Congress of Papyrology, Helsinki, 1-7 August 2004.
  • “Demotic Contracts and Roman Law in Tebtynis and Soknopaiou Nesos,” paper given at the Symposium ‘Tebtynis und Soknopaiou Nesos – Leben im römerzeitlichen Fajum,’ Sommerhausen bei Würzburg, 11-13 December 2003.
  • “Of Priests and Pastophoroi,” paper given at the 8th International Congress of Demotic Studies, Würzburg, 27-30 August 2002.
  • “Demotic Ostraca from Edfu,” paper given at the International Colloquium, “Edfu: an Egyptian provincial capital in the Ptolemaic period,” Brussels, 3 September 2001.
  • “Priesterreglementen uit Tebtynis: drinken, dragen en drevelen,” lecture for the 31st annual Papyrologendag, Papryological Institute, Leiden, 15 January 2000.
  • “Demotic Texts from Tebtunis: Adaptation under Colonial Rule,” paper given at the International Symposium, “The Tebtunis Papyri: the First 100 Years,” Berkeley, 25 September 1999.
  • “Clear Title, Public Protests and P. Brux. 4,” paper given at the 7th International Congress of Demotic Studies, Copenhagen, 23-27 August 1999.
  • “‘Tower Houses’ in Late Period Egypt,” paper given at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Research Center in Egypt, Chicago, 23-25 April 1999.
  • “Partisan Royal Epithets in the Late Third Intermediate Period,” paper given at the 46th Annual Meeting of the American Research Center in Egypt, St. Louis, 12-14 April 1996.
  • “The Great Temenos of Naukratis,” paper given at the 43rd Annual Meeting of the American Research Center in Egypt, Baltimore, 23-25 April 1993.
  • “Demotic Ostraca in the IIIrd Century B.C.,” paper given at the 4th International Congress of Demotists, Chicago, 4-8 September 1990.