Matthew W. Stolper

Professor of Assyriology

Ph.D. University of Michigan, 1974.
Teaching at Chicago since 1980.

Special Interests

Late Babylonian Texts, Late Babylonian Political and Social History, Elamite Language and Epigraphy, History of Ancient Iran, Achaemenid History. Researching the Persepolis Fortification Texts, (20,000 Achaemenid Elamite administrative texts excavated by our University in 1934).

Matthew W. Stolper (Professor of Assyriology, John A. Wilson Professor of Oriental Studies in the Oriental Institute) has worked primarily on Achaemenid Babylonian texts and secondarily on Elamite history and texts. His work on Babylonia when it was a province of the Achaemenid Persian empire mostly treats legal and administrative texts as evidence of social, economic and political history c. 450-300 B.C., the time between the consolidation of Achaemenid control and the consolidation of Seleucid control. His work on Elam and Elamite includes a survey of Elamite political history (out of print), a sketch of Elamite grammar, and publication of Proto-Elamite and Elamite texts from ancient Anshan. His main effort now is on Achaemenid Elamite and Achaemenid Aramaic administrative excavated by the Oriental Institute in 1933 at Persepolis, the imperial residence in the Persian homeland to be published in electronic and conventional forms. Stolper's courses have dealt mostly with Akkadian historical and legal texts of the late first millennium, with forays into Old Persian and Elamite language and Achaemenid history. He serves on the editorial boards of the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary, the Journal of Cuneiform Studies, and ARTA.



  • Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations and The Oriental Institute, The University of Chicago: Associate Professor, 1980-86; Professor, 1987-present. John A. Wilson Professor of Oriental Studies, 2000-present. Deputy Chairman, NELC 1996-2005. Committee on the Ancient Mediterranean World, 1995-2004; Chairman, 1998-2004. Department of Classics (Associated Faculty, Program on the Ancient Mediterranean World), 2005-present.
  • Department of Near Eastern Studies, The University of Michigan: Assistant Professor, 1975-79; Associate Professor, 1979-80.
  • Assyrian Dictionary Project, The Oriental Institute, The University of Chicago: Visiting Research Associate, 1978; permanent staff, 1980-95; editorial board, 1995-present.
  • Professeur Invité, Collège de France, Dec., 2000.
  • Visiting Professor, Carsten Niebuhr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Oct.-Nov. 1997.
  • Research Associate, The University Museum (Malyan Project), 1982-1985 (unsalaried).
  • Post-Doctoral Associate in Anthropology, University of Arizona, 1988 (unsalaried).

Archaeological Field Experience:

  • Area Supervisor: Hajji Firuz Tepe, Dinkha Tepe, Hasanlu Tepe, Iran (University Museum Hasanlu Project; director: R.H. Dyson), 1968, 1970, 1972
  • Area Supervisor: Cyrene, Libya (University of Michigan Excavations; director: Donald White), 1969
  • Epigrapher: Tall-i MalyΩn, Iran (University Museum Iran Project; directors: William M. Sumner, R.H. Dyson), 1974, 1976

Fellowships and Grants:

  • Faculty Research Grant, Rackham School of Graduate Studies, University of Michigan, 1975-1976
  • Grant-in-Aid, American Philosophical Society, 1975-1976
  • Ohio State University Foundation/National Science Foundation Grant, 1975-1976 (participant)
  • A.T.P.-U.S.A. (National Science Foundation-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique joint project), 1982 (participant)
  • C.N.R.S.-N.S.F. Joint Seminar on the Development of Complex Societies in Southwestern Iran, 1985 (participant)
  • Summer Stipend, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1985
  • Grant-in-Aid, American Council of Learned Societies, 1985/86
  • Fellowship for University Teachers, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1988
  • Grants, American Research Institute in Turkey, 1991/92, 1992/93
  • Grant for Travel to Collections, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1993
  • Provost’s Program for Academic Technology Innovation, 1995 (participant)
  • Fellowship, American Council of Learned Societies, 2005/06
  • Mellon Foundation Grant, 2007-2009 (co-Principal Investigator)
  • Provost’s Program for Academic Technology Innovation, 2006-2008 (principal investigator)
  • National Geographic Society Committee for Research and Exploration Grant, 2007-2008 (principal investigator)
  • University of Chicago Women’s Board Grant, 2007-2008 (co-principal investigator)
  • Parsa Community Founadtion Grant, 2007-2008 (co-principal investigator)


  • American Institute of Iranian Studies (Trustee at Large, 1982-1988; Vice-President, 1990-1993; Institutional Trustee, 1998-present; Nominations Committee, 2000-2003)
  • American Oriental Society (Nominations Committee, 1986-1988)
  • British Institute of Persian Studies
  • British School of Archaeology in Iraq


Books and Monographs:

  • Texts from Tall-i MalyΩn, I: Elamite Administrative Texts (1972-1974). Occasional Publications of the Babylonian Fund, 6. Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1984.
  • Elam : Surveys of Political History and Archaeology. University of California Publications, Near Eastern Series, 25. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984. (With Elizabeth Carter.)
  • Entrepreneurs and Empire: the Muraåû Archive, the Muraåû Firm, and Persian Rule in Babylonia. Uitgaven van het Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul, 54. Leiden, 1985.
  • Late Achaemenid, Early Macedonian and Early Seleucid Records of Deposit and Related Texts. Supplemento n. 77 agli Annali dell’Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, (1993), fasc. 4. (Printed 1995).
  • Istanbul Muraåû Texts. Uitgaven van het Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul, 79. Leiden, 1997. (With Veysel Donbaz.)


  • “A Note on Yahwistic Personal Names in the Muraåû Texts,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 222 (1976), 25-28.
  • “Middle Elamite Malyan,” Expedition 18 No. 2 (1976), 33-42. (With Elizabeth Carter.)
  • “The Genealogy of the Muraåû Family,” Journal of Cuneiform Studies 28 (1976), 189-200.
  • “Preliminary Report on Texts from Tal-i Malyan, 1971-1974,” Proceedings of the IVth Annual Symposium on Archaeological Research in Iran ( Tehran, 1977), 89-100.
  • “Three Iranian Loanwords in Late Babylonian Texts.” Pp. 251-266 in Mountains and Lowlands: Essays in the Archaeology of Greater Mesopotamia, ed. L. D. Levine and T. Cuyler Young, Jr. Malibu, CA: Undena, 1977.
  • “Inscribed Fragments from Khuzistan,” Cahiers de la Délégation Archéologique Française en Iran 8 (1978), 89-96.
  • “åarnuppu,” Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 68 (1978), 261-269.
  • “On the Dynasty of Åimaåki and the Early Sukkalmaæs,” Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 72 (l982), 42-67.
  • “A Babylonian Omen Text from Susiana,” Revue d’Assyriologie 77 (1983), 155-162. (With Robert D. Biggs.)
  • “The Death of Artaxerxes I,” Archaeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran N.F. 16 (1983), 223-236.
  • “The Neo-Babylonian Text from the Persepolis Fortification,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 43 (1984), 299-310.
  • “Proto-Elamite Texts from Tall-i Malyan,” Kadmos 24 (1985), 1-12.
  • “Two Late Elamite Tablets at Yale.” Pp. 243-254 in Fragmenta his­toriae elamicae, Mélanges offerts Ġ M.-J. Steve, ed. L. De Meyer, H. Gasche, and F. Vallat. Paris: Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 1986. (With C. E. Jones.)
  • “A Neo-Babylonian Text from the Reign of Halluåu.” Pp. 235-241 in Fragmenta historiae elamicae, Mélanges offerts Ġ M.-J. Steve, ed. L. De Meyer, H. Gasche, and F. Vallat. Paris: Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 1986.
  • “BËlåunu the Satrap.” Pp. 389-402 in Language, Literature, and History: Philological and Historical Studies Presented to Erica Reiner, ed. F. Rochberg-Halton. American Oriental Series, 67. New Haven: American Oriental Society 1987.
  • “The åaknu of Nippur,” Journal of Cuneiform Studies 40 (1988), 127-155.
  • “The Governor of Babylon and Across-the-River in 486 B.C.,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 48 (1989), 283-305.
  • “Registration and Taxation of Slave Sales in Late Achaemenid Babylonia,” Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 79 (1989), 80-101.
  • “On Interpreting Tributary Relationships in Achaemenid Babylonia.” Pp. 147-156 in Le Tribut dans l’Empire Perse. Actes du Table ronde de Paris, 12-13 Decembre 1986, ed. Pierre Briant and Clarisse Herrenschmidt. Travaux de l’Institut d’Études Iraniennes de la Sorbonne Nouvelle, 13 (1989).
  • “The Kasr Archive.” Pp. 195-205 in Achaemenid History IV: Centre and Periphery (Proceedings of the Groningen 1986 Workshop on Achaemenid History), ed. by A. Kuhrt and H. Sancisi-Weerdenburg (Leiden, Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 1990).
  • “Late Achaemenid Texts from Uruk and Larsa,” Baghdader Mitteilungen 21 (1990), 559-622.
  • “Elamite Brick Fragments from Chogha Pahn East and Related Fragments.” Pp. 151-163 in Mélanges offerts Ġ Jean Perrot Ġ l’occasion de son soixante-dixième anniversaire, Vol. I: Iran, ed. F. Vallat, C. Roche. Paris: Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 1990. (With Henry T. Wright.)
  • “A Property in BÏt Paniya,” Revue d’Assyriologie 85 (1991), 49-62.
  • “Tobits in Reverse: More Babylonians at Ecbatana,” Archaeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran NF 23 (1990), 161-176.
  • “The Muraåû Texts Written at Susa,” Revue d’Assyriologie 86 (1992), 69-77.
  • “On Why and How.” In The Construction of the Ancient Near East, ed. Ann C. Gunter = Culture and History 11 (1992), 13-22.
  • “Cuneiform Texts from Susa” and catalogue entries on twelve texts, in The Royal City of Susa, Ancient Near Eastern Treasures in the Louvre, ed. Prudence O. Harper, Joan Aruz and Francoise Tallon (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992), 253-260, 199, 266-269, 271-275, 276-278. French edition: La cité royale de Suse, rev. by Annie Caubet (Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1994).
  • “ Mesopotamia, 482-330 B.C.” Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. VI: The Fourth Century B.C., second edition, ed. D. M. Lewis, et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 234-260.
  • “Late Achaemenid Texts from Dilbat,” Iraq 54 (1992), 119-139.
  • “The Estate of Mardonius,” Aula Orientalis 10 (1992), 211-221.
  • “Iranians in Achaemenid Babylonia” (review article on M. A. Dandamayev, Iranians in Achaemenid Babylonia), Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (1994), 617-624.
  • “On Some Aspects of Continuity Between Achaemenid and Hellenistic Babylonian Legal Texts.” Pp. 329-352 in Achaemenid History VIII: Continuity and Change, Proceedings of the Last Achaemenid History Workshop, April 6-8, 1990-- Ann Arbor, Michigan, ed. H. Sancisi Weerdenburg, A. Kuhrt, and M. C. Root. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 1994.
  • “The Babylonian Enterprise of Belesys.” In Dans les pas des Dix-Mille: Peuples et pays du Proche-Orient vus par un Grec, ed. Pierre Briant = Pallas 43 (1995), 217-238.
  • “Inscribed in Egyptian.” Pp. 133-143 in Studies in Persian History: Essays in Memory of David Lewis, ed. M. Brosius and A. Kuhrt. Achaemenid History, 11. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 1998.
  • “Lurindu the Maiden, BËl-ittannu the Dreamer, and Artaritassu the King,” Munuscula Mesopotamica. Festschrift for Johannes M. Renger, ed. B. Böck, E. Cancik-Kirschbaum, T. Richter. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 267 Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 1999. 591-598.
  • “Une ‘vision dure’ de l’histoire achéménide,” (“Note critique” on Histoire de l’empire perse de Cyrus Ġ Alexandre by Pierre Briant). Annales:Histoire, Sciences Sociales 54 (1999), 1109-1126.
  • “Achaemenid Legal Documents from the Kasr: Interim Observations.” In Babylon: Focus mesopotamischer Geschiche, Wiege früher Gelehrsamkeit, Mythos in der Moderne (II.Internationales Colloquium der Deutschen Orient Gesellschaft), ed. Johannes M. Renger. Saarbrücken: SDV Saarbrücker Druckerei und Verlag, 1999. Pp. 365-375.
  • “No Harm Done: on Late Achaemenid piåku Guarantees.” In Assyriologia et Semitica, Festschrift für Joachim Oelsner, ed. J. Marzahn and H. Neumann. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 252. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2000. Pp. 467-477.
  • “Buildings on Bow Land and Encumbrances on Buildings.” In Variatio Delectat, Iranund der Westen (Gedenkschrift für Peter Calmeyer), ed. R. Dittman et alii. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 272. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2000. Pp. 667-680.
  • “Elamite,” in The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World’s Ancient Languages, ed. Roger Woodard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. 60-94.
  • “Three Stray Elamite Texts from Tall-i Malyan EDD.” In Yeki bud, Yeki nabud: Essays on the Archaeology of Iran in Honor of William Sumner, ed. K. Abdi and N. Miller, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Monograph 18. Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute, 2003. Pp. 201-205.
  • “The Testament of Mannu-kâ-Attar.” In Veenhof Anniversary Volume, Studies Presented to Klaas R. Veenhof on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday, ed. W.H. van Soldt, J.G. Dercksen, N.J.C. Kouwenberg and Th.J.H. Krispijn. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 2001. Pp. 467-473.
  • “Fifth-Century Nippur: Texts of the Muraåûs and from their Surroundings,” Journal of Cuneiform Studies 53 (2001), 83-133.
  • “Clay Tags with Achaemenid Seal Impressions in the Dutch Institute of the Near East (NINO) and Elsewhere.” ARTA 2004.001. (With W. F. M. Henkelman and C. E. Jones.) (See Þ Ressources Þ Publications en ligne Þ Arta Þ Table of Contents.)
  • “’No-one Has Exact Information Except for You’: Communication between Babylon and Uruk in the Early Achaemenid Reigns.” In A Persian Perspective: Achaemenid Essays in Memory of Heleeen Sancisi-Weerdenburg, ed. A. Kuhrt and W.F.M. Henkelman. Achaemenid History 13. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 2003. Pp. 265-287.
  • “The Kasr Texts, the Rich Collection, the Bellino Copies, and the Grotefend Nachlass.” Assyria and Beyond: Studies presented to Mogens Trolle Larsen, ed. J. Dercksen. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 2004). Pp. 511-550.
  • “A Survey of Scattered Achamenid Elamite Administrative Tablets,” papers of the First International Conference on Iran and Western Asia in Antiquity, Tehran, August, 2003 (forthcoming). (With C.E. Jones.)
  • “Parysatis in Babylon.” In If a Man Builds a Joyful House: Assyriological Studies in Honor of Erle Verdun Leichty, ed. Ann K. Guinan et alii. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2006) Pp. 463-472
  • “Achaemenid Languages and Inscriptions.” In Forgotten Empire: the World of Ancient Persia, (catalogue of an exhibition to open at the British Museum, Autumn, 2005), ed. J.E. Curtis and N. Tallis. London: British Museum Press, 2005. Pp. 18-24 (= “Las lenguas y las inscripciones aqueménidas,” in El imperio olvidado: el mundo de la antigua Persia, pp. 22-28 and “Les llengües i les inscripcions aquemènides,” in L’imperi oblidat: el món de l’antiga Pèrsia, pp. 22-28 [both Barcelona: Fundaci˜n “la Caixa”, 2006]).
  • “Farming with the Muraåûs and Others: Costs and Returns of Cereal Agriculture in Fifth-Century Babylonian Texts.” In Approaching the Babylonian Economy: Proceedings of the START Project Symposium Held in Vienna, 1-3 July 2004, ed. Heather D. Baker and Michael Jursa. Veröffentlichungen zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Babyloniens im 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr. Babylonia, 2; Alter Orient und Altes Testament 330 Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2005. Pp. 323-343
  • “Iranica in Post-Achaemenid Babylonian Texts.” In La transition entre l’empire acheménide et les royaumes hellénistique (verse 350-300 av. J.C.). Actes du colloque international, Paris, Collège de France (22-23 november 2004), ed. P. Briant and F. Joannès. Persika, 9. Paris: de Boccard, 2007. Pp. 223-260
  • “Kasr Texts: Excavated, but not in Berlin.” In Studies Presented to Robert D. Biggs, ed. Martha T. Roth et al, From the Workshp of the Assyrian Dictionary, 2. Chicago: Oriental Institute, forthcoming. Pp. 241-281
  • “Fortification Texts Sold at the Auction of the Erlenmeyer Collection” (with Charles E. Jones), ARTA 2006.001 (See Þ Ressources Þ Publications en ligne Þ Arta Þ Table of Contents.)
  • “Achaemenid Elamite Administrative Tablets, 2: The Qaœr-i Abu Naœr Tablet,” (with Charles E. Jones and Wouter Henkelman), ARTA 2006.003. (See Þ Ressources Þ Publications en ligne Þ Arta Þ Table of Contents).
  • “From the Tattannu Archive.” Festschrift for Hermann Hunger = Wiener Zeitschrift zur Kunde des Morgenlandes 97 (2007), 243-282. (With Michael Jursa.)
  • “How Many Fortification Tablets Are There?” In Les archives des Fortifications de Persépolis dans le monde acheménide, (Actes du colloque international sur les Archives de Persépolis, Collège de France, Paris, November, 2006), ed. Pierre Briant et al., Persika 11 Paris: de Boccard, forthcoming. (with Charles E. Jones).
  • “From the Persepolis Fortification Archive Project, 1: An Old Persian Administrative Tablet from the Persepolis,“ ARTA 2007.001 ( (with Jan Tavernier).

Shorter Notices:

  • “Yet Another Iranian Loanword in Late Babylonian: Babyl. maåΩka < Ir. *vaz√Ωka-),” Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (1977), 547-549.
  • “Two Neo-Assyrian Fragments,” Archiv für Orientforschung 27 (1980), 83-85.
  • “Empire and Province: Abstract of Remarks on Two Late Achaemenid Babylonian Archives,” Paléorient 11 no. 2 (1985), 63-65.
  • “Lila-irtaå” and “Luhhiååan,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 7/1-2 (1987), 20-21 and 158.
  • “Awan,”Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. III, Fascicle 2 (New York, 1987), 113-114.
  • “Some Ghost Facts from Achaemenid Babylonian Texts,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 110 (1988), 196-198.
  • “MΩlamÏr B. Philologisch,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 7 3/4 (1988), 276-281.
  • “The Kasr Archive,” American Journal of Archaeology 92 (1988), 587-588.
  • “Chronicle of the Diadochi r. 3f.,” Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires 1990 No. 1, 4-5 sub 7.
  • “Babylonian Evidence for the End of the Reign of Darius I: a Correction,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 51 (1992), 61-62.
  • “Muraåû, Archive of,” Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D. N. Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992) Vol. 4 (K-N), 927-928.
  • “Olmstead, Albert Ten Eyck,” American National Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Presss, 1999), vol. 16, 695-696.
  • “Gleanings from Muraåû Texts in the Collections of the Istanbul Archaeological Museums,” Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires 1993 No. 4, 85-86 sub 102. (With Veysel Donbaz.)
  • “Mirkanu,” “Miåbauzatiå,” “Militärkolonisten (Perserzeit),” “Muraåû,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 8 (1994) s. vv.
  • “A Late Achaemenid Lease from the Rich Collection,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (1994), 625-627.
  • “Two More Late Achaemenid Texts from Uruk,” Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires 1995 No. 3 66-70 sub 77. (With Paul-Alain Beaulieu.)
  • “A Paper Chase after the Aramaic on TCL 13 193,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (1996), 517-521.
  • “11. Vase Fragment,” in Sepphoris in Galilee: Crosscurrents of Culture, ed. Rebecca Martin Nagy, Carol Meyers, Eric Meyers, Zeev Weiss (North Carolina Museum of Art, 1996), 166-167.
  • “Flogging and Plucking.” Topoi. Supplément 1: Recherches récentes sur l’Empire achéménide. Lyon, 1997. 347-350.
  • “Nahhunte,” “Nahhunte-utu,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 9 1/2 (1998), 82-86.
  • “Thrashing and Plucking,” “No ‘garda of the fourth year’ in PBS 2/1 91,” “Ummanåipir the Elamite,” Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires 1998 Nos. 110, 111 and 112.
  • “Niarzina,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie Reallexikon der Assyriologie 9 3/4 (1999), 303-304.
  • “Late Achaemenid Chronology,” Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires. 1999 No. 6.
  • “Kanalarbeiten: Kopie von BM 74538 (Jursa, AfO Beih. 25, S. 182 Nr. 65),” Archiv für Orientforschung 46-47 (1999-2000), 49.
  • “ganzabara,” Encyclopaedia Iranica 10/3 (2000), 286-288.
  • “Hallock, Richard Treadwell,” Encyclopaedia Iranica 11 fasc. 6 ( New York: Encyclopaedia Persica Press, 2003), 592-94. (With Charles E. Jones.)
  • “Hidali,” Encyclopaedia Iranica, 12 fasc. 3 ( New York: Encyclopaedia Persica Press, 2004), 308-309.
  • “Paºe,” “Pahir-iååan,” “Pala-iååan,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 10, fasc. 3/4 (2004), 197-88, 189-90, 193-94.
  • “Parysatis,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 10, fasc. 5/6 (2004), 351 (with Michael Jursa).
  • “Pidilma,” “PI.GU-un,” “Pillatu,” “Pinaggima,” “Piriåtip,” “Piåiæumadu,” “Pittit,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 10 7/8 (2005).
  • “Puæutu,” “Pupila,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11, fasc. 1/2 (2006).
  • “Qabrina,” Reallexikon der Assyriologie (forthcoming).
  • “Quadrilingual Inscriptions of Darius I on a Fragmentary Stone Jar.” ARTA 2002.005. (With Joan Goodnick Westenholz.)
  • “Muraåû, Archives of,” New Interpreters’ Dictionary of the Bible. (Forthcoming.)


  • G. Ries Die neubabylonischen Bodenpachtformulare, Bibliotheca Orientalis 35 (1978), 230-233.
  • J. N. Postgate, Fifty Neo-Assyrian Legal Documents, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 239 (1980), 78-80.
  • M. Mayrhofer, Supplement zur Sammlung der altpersischen Inschriften, Archiv für Orientforschung 27 (1980), 174-176.
  • G. J. P. McEwan, Priest and Temple in Hellenistic Babylonia, Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (1985), 141-142.
  • M. Jursa, Die Landwirtschaft in Sippar in neubabylonischer Zeit, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 41 (1998), 496-503.
  • M. Khac√ikjan, The Elamite Language, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 60 (2001), 275-280.

Unpublished Lectures and Papers:

  • “Elamite Administrative Texts from Tall-i Malyan.” 184th Annual Meeting of the American Oriental Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1975.
  • “The Status of the Identification of Malyan as Anshan.” Fifth Annual Symposium on Archaeological Research in Iran, Tehran, 1976--by invitation.
  • “Texts from Tall-i Malyan.” 188th Annual Meeting of the American Oriental Society, Toronto, Ontario, 1978.
  • “Agricultural Management in the Muraåû Archive.” Symposium on Achaemenid History and Archaeology, The Oriental Institute, 1978.
  • “History and Archaeology in Iran.” 189th Annual Meeting of the American Oriental Society, St. Louis, Mo., 1979--by invitation.
  • “Economic Behavior and Economic Options in Achaemenid Nippur.” Symposium on the Social Context of Economic Activities in Ancient Mesopotamian Cities, 192d Annual Meeting of the American Oriental Society, Boston, Mass., 1981.
  • “The Muraåû Archive, the Muraåû Firm, and Persian Rule in Babylonia.” Institut für Assyriologie und Hethitologie, Universität München, 1982--by invitation.
  • “ Babylonia under the Persians: Provincial Entrepreneurs and Imperial Politicians in the Year of Four Emperors.” Johns Hopkins University, 1983--by invitation.
  • “Provincial Entrepreneurs and Imperial Politicians in Late Achaemenid Babylonia.” Harvard University, S.U.N.Y Stony Brook, and Yale University, 1984--by invitation.
  • “Achaemenid Aristocrats and Achaemenid Provincial Structure: Remarks on Two Babylonian Legal Archives and Complementary Sources.” N.S.F.-C.N.R.S. Joint Seminar on the Development of Complex Societies in Southwestern Iran, Cirey-les-Bellevaux, France, 1985--by invitation.
  • “Marching through Syria: Xenophon's Belesys, the Kasr Archive, and Achaemenid Babylonia.” UCLA, Claremont School of Theology, University of Arizona, and Columbia University, 1986--by invitation.
  • “Four Satraps in Three Archives.” Deutsches Archaologisches Institut, Berlin, 1988--by invitation.
  • “Fire in Syria, Fire in Babylon: Babylonian Tablets, Greek Historians, and Persian Provinces.” 10th Annual George G. Cameron Memorial Lecture, The University of Michigan, 1989--by invitation; Oriental Institute, University of Chicago, 1989--by invitation; Carsten Niehbuhr Institute, University of Copenhagen, 1992--by invitation; University of Barcelona, 1995--by invitation; Economic Club of Chicago/University of Chicago, 1995--by invitation; Canadian Society for Mesopotamian Studies, Toronto, 1996--by invitation.
  • “The Neo-Assyrian Province of Elam.” 200th Meeting of the American Oriental Society, Atlanta, Georgia, March, 1990.
  • “Cuneiform Script and Decipherment.” Members’ Symposium on Writing and Scribal Tradition. Oriental Institute, University of Chicago, November, 1991.
  • “Huteludush-Inshushinak and the Middle Elamite Twilight.” Metropolitan Museum of Art, February, 1993—by invitation; Oriental Institute, February 1993--by invitation.
  • “Ethnicity and Community in Achaemenid Babylonia.” Society for Biblical Literature, Chicago, IL, November, 1994—by invitation.
  • “ O n Achaemenid Babylonia.” Interdisciplinary Seminar on Achaemenid History, Program in Ancient Studies, University of Toronto, November, 1996—by invitation.
  • “Achaemenid kapËloi after Darius: Late Achaemenid Babylonian Archives.” Carsten Niebuhr Institute Seminar on Social and Cultural Complexity, Helsing˜r, November 1997; Hamburg University, Archäologisches Institut, November, 1997—by invitation.
  • “Darius et les rois menteurs (DB VP §§16-53 = Él., Bab. §§15-42).” Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail, December, 1997—by invitation.
  • “Institutional Connections in Three Late Babylonian Archives,” Second MOS Symposium on “Interdependency of Institutions and Private Entrepreneurs,” Leiden University, December 1998--by invitation.
  • “Lèse majesté,” 209th Meeting of the American Oriental Society, Baltimore, Maryland, March, 1999.
  • “On-Line Publication of the Persepolis Fortification Tablets: a Pilot Project.” Conference on Histoire achéménide et bases de données sur Internet, Collège de France, Paris, Dec., 2000--by invitation.
  • “A Case of Lèse-Majesté and the Persistence of the Loyalty Oath in Achaemenid Babylonia;” “L’enregistrement des hommes devant accomplir le service royal (i): Hommes d’Uruk Ġ Babylone;” “L’enregistrement des hommes devant accomplir le service royal (ii): l’Homme du Roi Ġ Nippur”; “L’archive de Tattannu Ġ Borsippa: un réexamen.” Collège de France, Paris, December, 2000--by invitation.
  • “Bisitun, the Queen of Near Eastern Inscriptions,” Sarasota Institute of Lifelong Learning, Sarasota FL, January, 2001--by invitation.
  • “The Persepolis Fortification Tablets,” Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, April, 2004—by invitation.
  • “The Great King and His Clerks: the Achaemenid Empire seen from Persepolis,” 2nd Annual Lauritsen Lecture, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, April, 2004—by invitation.
  • “The Status of the Persepolis Fortification Tablets,” University of California at Berkeley, May 2006.
  • “’Diplomatics’ of the Persepolis Tablets,” Colloque sur les Archives de Persépolis, Collège de France, Paris, November, 2006..
  • “The Persepolis Fortification Tablets,” Breasted Society of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago Council on Foreign Relations, January, 2007—by invitation.
  • “The Persepolis Fortification Tablets—What They Are, What They’re Good For, What They’re Worth”, 1st Musa Sabi Lecture in Iranian Studies, UCLA, April, 2007—by invitation.


  • Trustee (representing University of Chicago), American Institute of Iranian Studies (previously Trustee-at-Large, Vice President, Member Nominations Committee, Member Awards Committee).
  • Member, Baghdad Committee, American Schools of Oriental Research.
  • Associate Editor, Journal of Cuneiform Studies
  • Steering Committee, (
  • Editorial Board, ARTA
  • Groupe de Recherche 2538, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, France: “Reseau International d’Études Achéménides”
  • Review of Manuscripts, Translations and and Proposals for: National Endowment for the Humanities , Journal of Field Archaeology, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Royal Ontario Museum, Southern Illinois University Press, American Anthropologist, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada, PSC-CUNY Research Award Program, National Geographic Society, Eisenbrauns, Encylopaedia Iranica, German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development, Israel Science Foundation, Routledge Kegan Paul, University of Chicago Press, Cambridge University Press, Bulletin of the Asia Insitute, Classical Philology, National Science Foundation, Agence National de la Recherche (France) etc.